While the use of ETFs continues to surge, their low expense ratios appear to be most prized by multi-millionaires. Spectrem Group, a Chicago-based consulting and research firm, just reported that 28% of investors own ETFs, but 47% of UHNW investors hold them. Those ultra-affluent investors, according to Spectrem, are worth $5 million to $25 million, not counting their main home.
Spectrem noted that 44% of ETF owners have made the purchase on the recommendation of a financial advisor. Still, not all advisors prefer ETFs. A Google search for “advisors hate ETFs” generated over 16 million results. One theme is that advisors can make more money by recommending mutual funds, which may have upfront loads and 12b-1 fees.
If that’s the case, why do so many UHNW investors—who typically work with one or more advisors—have ETFs? George H. Walper, Jr., president of Spectrem, attributed the difference to risk factors. ETFs are relatively new and unfamiliar, so they tend to attract aggressive investors: 36% of investors who identify themselves as aggressive or very aggressive own ETFs, versus 14% percent of conservative investors. “Wealthier investors are more likely to purchase ETFs,’’ Walper stated. “They can afford to make initial investments in alternative products.”
Carol Schleif, a regional chief investment officer of asset management for Abbot Downing, a Wells Fargo business that serves UHNW clients, is quick to refute the idea that the prospect of higher upfront loads and 12b-1 fees leads advisors away from ETFs. “Our clients want the best fee-adjusted and tax-adjusted returns,” she told On Wall Street. “If an ETF will deliver that, we’ll recommend the ETF.”
In practice, Abbot Downing uses ETFs for tactical strategies. “Generally, we work with active managers who can take advantage of market inefficiencies,” Schleif said. “In some asset classes, though, inefficiencies are hard to find. We may use passive strategies there, which might call for investing in ETFs.”
In 2012, for instance, Abbot Downing noted that its global equity managers were light on EU investing, as the world seemed bearish on that region. “We thought there was a chance that EU stocks could move up,” Schleif said, “so we wanted to dial up our exposure there.” Instead of active management, the company looked for index funds in that area and found some approved ETFs on its platform. As it turned out, European stocks had a strong year in 2012.
Schleif said that Abbot Downing has added some commodity ETFs, as a means to increase exposure to an asset class that has been down. The firm also has used some country-specific ETFs, such as those focused on Japan. Nevertheless, some very specific ETFs wouldn’t be considered. “If an ETF is too esoteric,” she said, “it might not be liquid. That’s one of the things we look for, when evaluating ETFs for our clients.